Earth Science

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Vocabulary
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Introduction to Earth Science - Unit 1

geology
meteorology
oceanography
astronomy
scientific method
hypothesis
model
theory
meter
temperature
volume
density
area
mass
map
latitude
true north
equator
magnetic declination
longitude
prime meridian
cylindrical projection
conic projection
azimuthal projection
remote sensing
topographic map
elevation
contour line
contour interval
relief
index contour

Earth's Resources Unit 2

mineral
element
compound
crystal
silicate mineral
nonsilicate mineral
luster
streak
cleavage
density
ore
reclamation
rock cycle
deposition
rock 
erosion
composition
texture
intrusive igneous rock
extrusive igneous rock
strata
stratification
foliated
nonfoliated
natural resource
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
recycling
fossil fuel
petroleum
natural gas
coal
acid precipitation
smog
nuclear energy
chemical energy
solar energy
wind power
hydroelectric energy
biomass
gasohol
geothermal energy
uniformitarianism
catastrophism
paleontology
relative dating
superposition
geologic column
unconformity
absolute dating
isotope
radioactive dating
half life
fossil
trace fossil
mold
cast
index fossil
geologic time scale
eon
era
period
epoch
extinction

seismology
P waves
S waves
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic waves
seismograph
epicenter
seismogram
focus
seismic gap
gap hypothesis
volcano
vent
magma chamber
crater
caldera
lava plateau
rift zone
hot spot

Reshaping the Land Unit 4

weathering
mechanical weathering
abrasion
chemical weathering
acid precipitation
differential weathering
soil
soil structure
parent rock
humus
bedrock
leaching
soil texture
erosion
soil conservation
erosion
divide
water cycle
channel
tributary
load
watershed
deposition
alluvial fan
delta
flood plain
water table
permeability
aquifer
recharge one
porosity
artesian spring
point-source pollution
nonpoint-source pollution
sewage treatment plant
septic tank
shoreline
beach
saltation
loess
deflation
dune
abrasion
glacier
till
glacial drift
stratified drift
mass movement
mudflow
rockfall
creep
landslide

Oceanography Unit 5 

salinity
water cycle
continental shelf
continental slope
continental rise
abyssal plain
min-ocean range
rift valley
seamount
ocean trench
plankton
nekton
benthos
benthic environment
pelagic environment
desalination
nonpoint source pollution
point source pollution
ocean current
surface current
coriolis effect
deep current
upwelling
El Nino
La Nina
undertow
longshore current
white cap
swell
tsunami
storm surge
tide
tidal range
spring tide
neap tide








Weather & Climate Unit 6 

atmosphere 

air pressure 

troposphere

mesosphere 

thermosphere

stratosphere

radiation 

thermal conduction 

convection 

global warming 

greenhouse effect

wind 

Coriolis effect 

polar 

easterlies

westerlies 

trade winds 

jet stream

air pollution

acid precipitation

weather 

cloud

humidity

precipitation

relative humidity

condensation

air mass

front

cyclone

anticyclone

thunderstorm

tornado

lighting

thunder

hurricane

thermometer

barometer

anemometer

weather

climate

latitude

prevailing winds

elevation

surface current

biome

tropical zone

temperate zone

microclimate

polar zone

ice age

global warming

greenhouse effect


Astronomy Unit 7 (18-22)

astronomy
day
month
year

electromagnetic spectrum

telescope 

refracting telescope 

reflecting telescope

constellation 

zenith 

altitude

horizon 

light-year

spectrum

 apparent magnitude absolute magnitude 

light-year

parallax

red giant 

white dwarf 

H-R diagram 

main sequence

supernova 

neutron star 

pulsar 

black hole

galaxy

nebula 

globular cluster 

open cluster 

quasar

cosmology

big bang theory

nebula

solar nebula

nuclear fusion

sunspot

crust

mantle

core

rotation

orbit

revolution

astronomical unit

terrestrial planet

prograde rotation

retrograde rotation

gas giant

satellite

phase 

eclipse

comet

astroid

astroid belt

meteoroid

meteorite

meteror

rocket

thrust

NASA

artificial satellite

low Earth orbit

geostationary orbit

space probe

space shuttle

space station



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